Deterioration of native forests due to the implantation of other covers
Forest degradation is defined as the decrease in the capacity of the forest to supply goods and services. It also means a reduction or loss of biological or economic productivity and complexity of forest ecosystems resulting in a long-term reduction in the overall supply of benefits derived from forests, including wood, biodiversity and other products or services (FAO, 2020). On the other hand, forest degradation leads to alteration of habitat configuration, loss of forest area and connectivity, and increased exposure to human land uses along the boundaries of the fragments.
At the SINCHI Institute, the phenomenon of forest degradation is measured by monitoring a type of land cover called “Fragmented Forest”. In this case, the term fragmented refers the way in which native forests are deteriorated by drilling processes of their horizontal continuity due to the implantation of other covers of anthropic origin such as pastures, crops or secondary vegetation in small areas. Through its measurement and constant monitoring, it is possible to identify areas that in the future may become areas with Forest Loss.