Environmental zoning of the second law of 1959 - Phases

Zonificación ambiental reserva forestal

The Amazon Forest Reserve zone -ZRFA- was created by Law 2 of 1959, comprising the following general limits: starting from Santa Rosa de Sucumbíos, on the border with Ecuador, heading Northeast, up to the highest hill of the Peaks of the Forge; from there, following a line, 20 kilometers to the west of the Cordillera Oriental to the Alto de Las Oseras, from there in a straight line, for its shortest distance, to the Ariari River, and along the latter to its confluence with the Guayabero River or the Guaviare, which continues downstream to its mouth in the Orinoco; then the border with Venezuela and Brazil is followed, until reaching the Amazon River, following the southern border of the country, up to the starting point (2nd Law of, 1959).

The zoning and environmental ordering of the Amazon Forest Reserve Zone was a process carried out through different agreements signed between the SINCHI Institute, the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, the Directorate of Forests, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services and the General Secretariat of the Community Andina – SGCAN, BioCAN Program for the South of the Amazonian Trapeze; which responds to the goal of the National Development Plan 2010-2014, where it was proposed to advance the zoning and environmental ordering of 513,766 km2 of Forest Reserve Zones of Law 2a of 1959. The contribution from the Amazon (with the SINCHI Institute) is estimated at 108,661 km2 (21%) according to the delimitation made of the ZRFA in 2010.

The work was carried out in 5 phases: Phase 1: Guaviare (Agreement 047 of 2009), Phase 2: Caquetá – Huila (Agreement 016 of 2010), Phase 3: Putumayo, Nariño, Cauca and Meta (Agreement 185 of 2011), Phase 4a: South of the Trapeze (Sinchi-SGCAN Contract No. 018 of 2012), Phase 4b: Guainía, Vaupés, Amazonas (Agreement 091 of 2013, Agreement 118 of 2013), and Phase 5: Final Synthesis (Agreement 257 of 2014) .